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Easton Scott
Easton Scott

Mature With Young Blog

Environmental pressures like needing to perform well on standardized tests, a lack of physical activity, social disconnection, a constant stream of digital media, excessive screen time, potential ADHD medications, and poor nutrition conspire to make it difficult for the young brain to form optimal connections during adolescence. Again, it seems that young boys are especially vulnerable to short-circuiting without the physical outlets they have evolved to need over millennia.

mature with young blog

Some groups criticize cutting mature forest to create young forest. For example, the Southern Environmental Law Center has objected to the Southside Project on the Nantahala National Forest in North Carolina, where there is a shortage of early successional habitat. Some groups have criticized the creation of young forest habitat on the Sparta Mountain Wildlife Management Area, in a project developed by New Jersey Audubon and the NJ Division of Fish and Wildlife.

How young is young? How old is old? What are the tradeoffs? How are comparisons being reported? For example, we should be clear about how we define sequestration rates. Are we defining rates in terms of percentage of growth or absolute amounts of growth? Economic models in forestry often use the former, but in the carbon debates, the latter is the more relevant. It would be useful to see a carbon growth profile as a tree matures. But profiles will differ based on species, site growing conditions, and individual tree health, among other factors.

Young forest advocates are quick to point out that while a large, dominant tree may sequester more carbon than a younger tree, lots of thickly packed young trees can outperform a few widely spaced, larger ones. But the devil is in the details. There are two factors to consider: (1) how much carbon has already been stored at a point in time, (2) what is the rate of gain at that point. To see how the different variables interact with one another, I developed a stand growth model for white pine that utilized my experience with measuring white pines of all ages over a 30-year period. Six tree size classes were adopted and their growth was projected over ten 20-year periods. Stand density was based on how many pines of each size class and associated crown area projected to the ground would cover an acre. Large diameter trees have wider crowns. Annual radial and height growth were projected for each period for each size class. The distribution of size classes for each 20-year period called on observations and measurements made from many white pine sites.

However, on my white pine model, stand growth at 80 to 120 years outpaces 0 to 40, and 120 to 140 outpaces 0 to 20. These growth intervals do not include younger trees that begin to grow back as the stand gains age and self-thins. Growth of other species filling for white pines that have died increases with time. So, young trees are present in a redeveloping stand. However, after a complete harvest, the soils will bleed CO2 for years. It will take 15 to 20 years before the carbon added from new growth will exceeds that still being lost from the logging operation. The continued loss of soil organic carbon was confirmed in the US Forest Service study conducted at their Hubbard Brook Research Station in New Hampshire previously mentioned. Furthermore, as time goes on, carbon on the forest floor and in the soils builds up. As a consequence, total carbon stocks in mature and older forests are at a maximum.

The mature and old-growth forests of the Adirondacks are carbon rich, both above and below ground. They are doing their job with respect to climate mitigation. However, there will always be voices advocating management of public forests to increase carbon sequestration. They typically embrace the arguments for young forests to replace older ones based on the belief that fast-growing, young trees sequester more carbon than older, more slowly growing ones. Using the volume-biomass model, FIACOLE, I evaluated annual growth for ten species of trees. I compared the annual growth of a 12-inch DBH, 40-50-foot tall tree with a tree of the same species at a DBH of 30 inches, and appropriate height for the species. I used an annual radial growth of 0.2 inches and a height gain of 0.5 feet for the young trees. The corresponding increases for the older trees are 0.09 inches radially and 0.25 feet. All species are easily capable of reaching these growth levels. The exception was white pine. It was given annual height increases of 1.5 feet when young, and 0.6 feet when older.

The best solution for the use of our public forests in climate mitigation, and I emphasize public, is to implement the concept of Proforestation as developed by William Moomaw, Susan Masino, and Ed Faison to the maximum extent possible. In the Adirondacks, where significant acreages are not open to logging, that protection should absolutely remain. On public lands open to logging, exceptions could be made where widespread outbreaks of invasive insects threatened an entire forest or species. But where the forests are in reasonably good shape, Proforestation is a simple, inexpensive strategy: let mature public forest alone to continue sequestering carbon at high rates without the attendant losses incurred by logging during this period of rapid global warming. This is not to disparage forest management on non-public lands. It is essential for woodlands that supply us with forest products. There is no argument on that point. But during this crucial period of getting our carbon emissions under control, the public forests should basically be left alone to accumulate carbon as rapidly as possible. Where management in public forests is continued, the priority should be to increase the rate of carbon storage beyond what would happen through natural processes. There are management strategies to increase sequestration in forests, but they do not include removing the star performers, the big trees. This is a point that needs continual reinforcement to combat the misunderstanding about the performance of the big trees.

In a mature wine, even the bottle presentation is different. Instead of a pristine bottle sporting a clear label, it may be a crusty, bin-soiled wreck of a bottle, with a stained, glue-striped deteriorating label, distinctly revealing layers of time spent in the depths of a cellar.

The removal of the cork from a bottle of mature wine may require forethought and applied strategy. You may run through your collection of corkscrews as you try to pull out the older cork, saturated with wine from its long horizontal rest. The older corks are longer and skinnier and so even more difficult to deliver in one clean pull. Sometimes a mess is unavoidable.

For natural reasons senior cats are not as energetic as kittens and young cats. If you're looking for a furry companion to play with or have children who are very energetic, you may find a senior cat unexciting. Instead of running around and chasing imaginary mice, old cats prefer to sleep a lot, thoughtfully look through the windows and relax.

You may have told your brother/ sister that his/her friend is more mature than him/her. Maturity is not measured by age, it is an attitude built by experience. You may come across some young person who behaves more mature. You may be one of them who are more mature than others. This blog helps you to find you are the mature person than others or become a mature person.

Martin: The response from the younger employees was very positive; and the more mature colleagues were even more enthusiastic. They told us that they found it invigorating to work more closely with younger people, to gain new perspectives, and to pass on the fruits of their experience. For their part, the younger colleagues enjoyed the opportunity to learn from their elders, to discover the background to many situations, and to extend their networks.

Martin: Well, as you can probably imagine, giving up a management position was not an easy step to take. But, as a mature employee, you do feel a bit like an elder statesman. And I really like being able to pass something of my knowledge and experience on to younger people and help them be successful.

The younger generation is brimming with all the latest expertise and is full of fresh, creative ideas. Older employees have vision and composure. These characteristics are highly complementary and, when combined, form an ideal mix. Here are ten tips for bridging the generational gap.

It is evidenced that young adult offenders tend to have low self-control, which is seen to be a key factor in distinguishing offenders from non-offenders. Low self-control can be defined as the tendency to pursue short-term, immediate pleasure rather than give consideration to the long-term consequences of actions.[7] The inability to engage in moral reasoning to form sound decisions in later life is characterised by cognitive distortions.[8] These distortions typically take the form of inappropriate attribution of blame and intent for others and the minimisation of behaviour and its consequences; such responses are influenced by complex interactions with social and environmental factors, particularly the effects of parenting, and generates a greater likelihood of offending.[9]

It is no surprise that young adults in contact with the criminal justice system are disproportionately affected by exposure to Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and social disadvantage. A 2014 study of 64,000 American juvenile offenders found that 50% reported having experienced four or more adverse childhood experiences in comparison to 13 per cent of their college educated sample.[10]

A 2006 study examined the experiences of young adult men between the ages of 18 to 21 held in custody in the UK, within a range of prison establishments and found that establishments that were dedicated to the age group generally performed better in how they were rated by people in prison in every aspect: safety, hygiene, healthcare, staff-prisoner relationships, incentives and earned privileges scheme and education.[14] A more recent study examined the relationship between age and prison behaviour among young adult offenders accommodated in adult establishments found that people in prison aged 18 to 24 were more likely to experience abuse and attempt suicide.[15] Researchers have also identified that adult prison establishments did not focus on rehabilitation programmes specifically tailored to their younger offenders, hindering the development of positive relationships with prison staff and that their overall prison experience lacked hopefulness[16]. Other common themes that feature in the incarceration of young offenders are bullying; substance misuse; violence; and trauma.[17] 041b061a72


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